The role of IAS officers is very venerable, demands a great deal of responsibility and reverence. It is also important that an officer is physically and mentally fit and healthy to handle the work pressure without giving in. The following are the roles and responsibilities that an IAS officer is deputed:
Handling affairs of government that involve framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the concerned Minister
Implementing policies through supervision and also traveling to the places where the approved policies will be implemented
Implementing policies comprises disbursement of funds through personal supervision
Answerable to the Parliament and State Legislatures for any violation of rules while on duty
Functions and responsibilities differ at different levels of career
Initially, IAS officers join the state administration at the sub-divisional level, resuming their services as sub-divisional magistrates, and look after law and order, general administration and development work in the area assigned to them
The post of the District Officer also known as District Magistrate, District Collector or Deputy Commissioner is the highly respected and responsible post the IAS officers enjoy
At the district level, an IAS officer deals with district affairs, including implementation of developmental programs
The officers may also be appointed in the State Secretariat or they may serve as Heads of Departments or in Public Sector Undertakings
They may serve in different positions from the State to the Centre and vice versa. This happens through deputation.
At the Centre, IAS officers serve at the highest position as the Cabinet Secretaries, Secretaries/Additional Secretaries, Joint Secretaries, Directors, Deputy Secretaries and Under Secretaries. They are appointed to these posts based on seniority.
At the Centre, the IAS officers play a key role in formulation and implementation of policies related to a particular area; for instance, finance, commerce, etc.
During formulation of a policy and decision making, IAS officers serving at different levels i.e. joint secretary, deputy secretary give their valuable inputs
The policy takes its final shape through a final decision the minister concerned or the cabinet, depending on the seriousness of the situation